Most of us use computers without having a clue as to their internal components and their main functions.
However, getting to know your machine is fundamental to its preservation, identifying and solving faults.
In this sense, Blog MisterPC starts today a series of articles on the main components of a computer and their respective functions, as well as problems and breakdowns related to them.
We start with the one that is the backbone of any PC: the Motherboard.
The main function of Motherboard is to connect all the internal components (processor, disk, memory, graphics card etc.) and external (monitor, mouse, keyboard, printer) of the PC.
Everything is connected to the Motherboard and it is the Motherboard that everything communicates with each other.
The inside of the motherboard contains ports where all internal components connect:
– a single socket (socket) houses the processor
– several slots allow you to connect multiple RAM modules
– other internal ports / connectors allow you to connect the hard drive, the CD / DVD player, through specific cables
– an input specially designed for this purpose receives the current from the power supply
Turned towards the outside there are other inputs, destined to connect the peripherals:
– VGA input: for monitor
– USB ports, designed for the most varied devices: mouse, keyboard, printer …
– Inputs and outputs of audio for headphones, speakers, microphones …
– Network inputs
– Support for memory cards
Motherboards vary greatly, depending on the type of components they support. For example, each motherboard supports only a single processor type and a limited list of types of RAM. Likewise, some types of graphics cards, disks, or other components may not be supported.
Users often encounter difficulties in installing components/peripherals because they do not know the compatibility of their motherboard with them.
Therefore, it is always advisable to use a specialized service when you want to expand the memory or disk capacity of your computer.
This advice is even more important in the case of laptops. These use highly integrated, minimalist and custom-built motherboards, which makes it difficult to replace them in the event of a fault, usually by repairing them .
Due to the intense electronic activity developed in this component, it requires a constant cooling. When this cooling is insufficient and the system overheats, it can shut down or even suffer serious malfunctions.
Symptoms that may indicate problems on Motherboard:
– Computer shuts off randomly;
– Computer restarts randomly;
– Operating system reports random errors;
– Components or peripherals are not recognized correctly;
– Computer will not turn on or turn on and off soon;